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Short-sightedness is a very common eye condition that causes distant objects to appear blurred, while close objects can be seen clearly. Myopia is the medical term for short-sightedness.
Long-sightedness, also known as hyperopia, affects a person's ability to see objects close to them. If you are long-sighted, you will usually be able to see distant objects clearly, but nearby objects will be out of focus. Your eyes may also tire easily.
Astigmatism is a common and usually minor condition of the eye that causes blurred or distorted vision. It occurs when the cornea or lens is not a perfectly curved shape. Most people who wear glasses have astigmatism. If left untreated, astigmatism can also cause:
A squint is a condition where the eyes point in different directions. One eye may turn inwards, outwards, upwards or downwards while the other eye looks forward. The medical name for a squint is strabismus. Squints can also cause:
Cataracts are cloudy patches in the lens that can make vision blurred or misty. They are a very common eye condition.
Cataracts can develop in one or both eyes, and one eye can often be more affected than the other.
The lens is the transparent structure positioned at the front of the eye. It is normally clear and allows light to pass through to the back of the eye. However, if parts of the lens become cloudy (opaque), light is unable to pass through the cloudy patches.
Over time, the cloudy patches become bigger, and more of them develop. As less light is able to pass through the lens, the person’s vision is likely to become blurry or cloudy.
"Congenital" cataracts are present when a baby is born or shortly afterwards The cloudier the lens becomes, the more the person’s sight will be affected.
Glaucoma occurs when the drainage tubes (trabecular meshwork) within the eye become slightly blocked. This prevents eye fluid (aqueous humour) from draining properly.
When the fluid cannot drain properly, pressure builds up. This is called intraocular pressure. This can damage the optic nerve (which connects the eye to the brain) and the nerve fibres from the retina (the light-sensitive nerve tissue that lines the back of the eye).
Dry eye syndrome is a common complication of blepharitis. It occurs when your eyes do not make enough tears, or the tears evaporate too quickly. This can lead to the eyes drying out and becoming inflamed (red and swollen). It causes your eyes to feel dry, gritty and sore or watery.
The skin conditions associated with blepharitis can also affect the quality of your tears. This includes seborrhoeic dermatitis (a condition that causes your skin to become inflamed or flaky) and rosacea (a condition that mainly affects the face).
Eye drops containing ‘tear substitutes’ are usually enough to control dry eye syndrome. These eye drops are available over-the-counter from pharmacists, without a prescription.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the transparent membrane (thin layer of cells) that covers the white part of the eyeball and the inner surfaces of the eyelids.
Conjunctivitis occurs when bacteria in the eyelid infect the eyes. The condition is not usually serious and should not affect your vision.
Most cases of conjunctivitis are mild and will pass in one to two weeks without the need for treatment. More severe cases of conjunctivitis are more likely in contact lens wearers.
Antibiotic eye-drops may be prescribed if your symptoms persist, or you have repeated infections. However, there is little evidence that antibiotic eye drops resolve the condition any quicker than waiting for it to clear up on its own.
A Meibomian cyst is swelling on the inside of your eyelids. A cyst can develop if one of your Meibomian glands (glands that produce a fatty liquid that protects your eyes) becomes inflamed as a result of blepharitis.
Cysts are normally painless, unless they get infected. In this case, antibiotics may be needed. Applying a hot compress to the cyst should help bring the cyst down, although cysts disappear by themselves. If a cyst does not disappear, it can be removed with a simple surgical procedure carried out under local anaesthetic (painkilling medication).
A stye is a painful swelling that produces pus and develops on the outside of your eyelid. Styes are caused by a bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle (the base of your eyelash).
A mild stye can be treated by applying a warm compress (a cloth warmed with hot water) to the area. More serious cases can be treated with antibiotic creams and tablets.
The most common cause of retinal detachment is when tiny holes develop inside the retina.The holes allow the fluid found between the retina and the lens of the eye to leak underneath the retina.If too much fluid builds up underneath the retina it can cause the retina to pull away from the blood vessels that supply it with blood. Without a constant blood supply, the nerve cells inside the retina will begin to die.
The main reason for these holes developing is thought to be because the retina becomes narrower and weakened with age.
One way to check your child’s eyes is to cover each eye, one at a time, with your hand. If they try to push your hand away from one eye, but not the other, it may be a sign they they can see better out of one eye.
Another sign is your child having problems with their depth perception. Due to the mismatch between each eye, children with lazy eyes have difficulty judging how far away objects are.
Signs to look out for include:
Older children may complain that their vision is better in one eye and that they have problems with reading, writing and drawing.
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My 4 year old came in for a routine eye exam and while his vision was perfect it was explained to me that the sun's harmful rays may cause early cataracts when my child is older. I learned I could easily reduce the chance of this happening by investing in sunglasses from your great kids' range and now he has a pair just like his dad's and thinks he looks so cool !!! He wont leave the house without them. Great advice, thank you. Gina Somerville
You have saved my life!! I used to have to wear reading glasses on top of my contact lenses but at Pinder's they are now fitting the newest multi focal contacts so there's no need to bother!! I now have the best possible range of vision at all distances sent straight to my home and I am not squinting at my phone and my eyes are not nearly as dry. Great personal attention as always! Ian McLeod
Thank you, thank you, thank you Richard and your Team for helping me choose my new prescription ski goggles ! Just back from my annual visit to Tignes and I couldn't have been more confident. You excelled in your eye care as always and the fact that you asked me to bring in my ski helmet to check the fit with my goggles was paramount. Wish I'd invested in a pair years ago. Annette Carmichael
I have been a patient of Pinder Opticians for over 23 years and they consistently offer a first class service.The well-trained staff are wonderful, and you wont receive more professional care anywhere else. Mrs Catherine Davis
I have been wearing contact lenses from the age of fifteen and have always found them to be comfortable and easy to wear. I now wear Acuvue Oasys lenses which have high UV protection, I feel confident that they not only correct my vision but protect my eyes from the harmful rays of the sun. I have always been confident in Pinder opticians as they look after my eyes, and are always keeping me up to date with any advancement in contact lenses. I always find the staff friendly and helpful. Faye Davidson - Student
Having two children who wear glasses and have done from the ages of 7 & 8 months old I have always found Pinders to be friendly and professional. They can never do enough. I attribute my children being so good at wearing their glasses to the rapport that Pinders has built up with both them and myself. Claire Steele
Having just collected my new Gucci prescription sunglasses, I have to commend all the staff at Pinders, once again, for their excellent service. Not only was I spoilt for choice, but my new sunnies were ready within short notice. I have been a patient here for quite some time now and I could not recommend Mr Pinder and the staff more for their professional service, quality and attention. Alison Holland
As an employer, looking after the eyecare of my workforce, I was very impressed with the efficicient way my employees were looked after. The advice and service by the optician and staff at Pinder Opticians was excellent, providing fair priced frames and lenses for both v.d.u. and industrial use. All eye exams were carried out efficiently in our work so little disruption was experienced in the working day. William Girvan